Please resize your browser

Enjoying the content? Support us at Patreon!

World's Top 10 Largest Countries By Rice Production

The list of top 10 rice producing countries in the world, complete with tables, charts, maps, and more!

Did you know that rice is the third most grown crop in the world? The only two crops produced more than rice are maize (corn) and sugarcane. Rice farming originated in China thousands of years ago and the practice spread throughout Asia and later the rest of the world. Today the Asian continent dominates rice production with 9 out of 10 top rice producing countries located in Asia. Which ones are they and how much they do produce? Scroll down to find out!

Top 10 Rice Producing Countries

Rank Country Tonnes
1 China 206,507,400
2 India 157,200,000
3 Indonesia 70,846,465
4 Bangladesh 52,325,620
5 Vietnam 44,974,206
6 Thailand 32,620,160
7 Myanmar 26,423,300
8 Philippines 18,967,826
9 Brazil 12,175,602
10 Japan 10,549,000

Tonnes of Rice (mil)

Longsheng Rice Terrace in China
Image by Severin.stalder via Wikimedia Commons


Rice farming originated in China and has since become one of the most if not the most important source of food for its billion plus people. To help meet the country's demand for rice, China has to produce over 200 million tonnes of rice a year. This makes China the largest producer of rice in the world!

Indian Rice Field


India is the world's 2nd largest producer of rice. After rice cultivation spread to the Indian subcontinent, rice became a staple source of food in the region. India is most notable for cultivating Basmati, a type of long and aromatic rice. In fact, India produces over 70% of basmati rice worldwide!

Rice field in Bali, Indonesia


Indonesia is the world's 3rd largest producer of rice. Like many regions that adopted rice farming, rice is a staple food in Indonesia. In fact, the Javanese people of Indonesia love rice so much that they even worship a goddess of rice named Dewi Sri! Temples dedicated to the Dewi Sri, including the Pura Beji, are scattered across the countryside as the goddess is said to protect irrigated rice fields.

Bangladesh Rice Field


Bangladesh is the world's 4th largest producer of rice. Rice farming spread early to the Indian subcontinent, which includes Bangladesh, and this long relationship with rice has made it the country's most important crop. In fact, the Bengali people considers rice an ancient symbol of wealth, success, and good health. The more rice you produce, the more good fortune you're spreading!

Rice field in Vietnam


Vietnam produces the 5th most rice of any countries. But Vietnam is actually the number 2 largest exporter of rice worldwide (after only Thailand). The Mekong Delta, located at the southern tip of Vietnam, drives most of the country's rice production. No wonder it's called the "Rice Bowl" of the country!

Rice field in Thailand


Thailand is the world's 6th largest producer and the largest exporter of rice in the world. They don't make the most rice, but they make the most rice for people outside its borders!

Rice field in myanmar


Myanmar (also popularly known as Burma) is 7th on our list of 10 largest rice producing countries. The tropical climate of Myanmar, with tons of rain and sunshine, helps make the country a great place to grow rice.

Entrance to the IRRI Headquaters
Image by Abrahamdsl via Wikimedia Commons


The Philippines is the world's 8th largest producer of rice. The country helped sponsor the International Rice Research Institute based at the University of the Philippines. Researchers there produced the IR8 variety of rice in 1966, a high yield variety of rice that helped save hundreds of millions of people from starvation during the Green Revolution.

Rice field in South Brazil


Brazil is the 9th largest producer of rice. And if you haven't noticed yet, Brazil is the only country outside Asia to appear in our list of largest rice producing countries! Rice was first introduced to the Brazilian region in the 1500s, brought there by Portoguese colonists and their African slaves. Today, rice and beans is a common dish in Brazil.

Rice Paddies near Lake Inawashiro in Fukushima Prefecture, Japan
Image by BrianAdler via Wikimedia Commons


Japan rounds out our list of top 10 rice producing countries. Japan actually bans imported rice and produces almost all of its domestic rice. Japan also heavily subsidizes small, fragmented, and independent rice farmers, a policy that known as the gentan system. This combination of policies has created a situation where the price of rice in Japan is up to two or three times more expensive than in other countries. Yikes!

Join The Discussion

Noticed a typo, wrong facts, incorrect citations or any other issue with the article? We want to know! Reach out to us at with the issue and we'll make the correction asap.



Ozy (aka Oscar) is the founder of Henkubao and lives in Los Angeles. During the day he develops websites and web applications. During the night he sleeps. But in his free time he works hard to make Henkubao your goto online space for all things Asian food!